Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan


Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan (1890 - 20 January 1988) was an Afghan, Pashtun political and spiritual leader known for his non-violent opposition to British Rule in India. A lifelong pacifist, a devout Muslim, and a close friend of Mohandas Gandhi, he was also known as Fakhri Afghan ("The Afghan pride"), Badshah Khan (also Bacha Khan, Pashto: lit., "King Khan") and Sarhaddi Gandhi (Urdu, Hindi lit., "Frontier Gandhi").

His family encouraged him to join the British Indian Army, but a British Raj officer's mistreatment of a countryman offended him. A family decision for him to study in England was put off after his mother's intervention.

In 1985 he was nominated for the Nobel peace prize. In 1987 he became the first person without Indian citizenship of India to be awarded the Bharat Ratna, India's highest civilian award. Upon his death in 1988, following his wishes, he was buried in Jalalabad. Despite the heavy fighting at the time, both sides in the Afghan war declared a ceasefire to allow his burial.

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